Business & IT Glossary - J

Java The language developed by Sun MicroSystems enabling object oriented programming to create dynamic and interactive features that can be incorporated into web sites.
Javascript A language based on Java that enables the creation of scripts so that specific programmed functions, such as search engines or interactive features, can be executed by a web browser rather than on a web server.
Joint venture When two or more businesses co-operate to run a project together - often a separate joint venture company will be established in which the various partners own a share.
JPEG The Joint Photographic Experts Group file format is for saving digital colour or monochrome images, such as photographs, naturalistic artwork and similar material. It is effective because it retains a high level of visual detail in a very small file size. Many such images published on web pages are in the JPEG format.